The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the science-based federal agency dealing with the coastal waters of the US (among other things), has just put out its Small Business Innovation Research grant call for FY 2016.
Some key dates are:
Announcement date: Oct 16, 2015 (Link to FBO page)
Opening date; Oct 20 2015
Deadline for submission: Jan 14, 2016
Direct Link to the PDF of SBIR Phase I Solicitation
(Heads up: page 53 is where the real stuff begins, all the other things are governmental admin material)
A big tip:
Listen to the webinar.
Reach out to the topic manager by email and phone.
Contact your state SBDC to see if you can additional help with confidential technical reviews.
Other resources: Polar Center at Penn State